Socrates presents love from the perspective of the lover, which is significant, as he is an older man who spends a great deal of time associating with, and sharing wisdom with, handsome youths. It depicts a friendly contest of extemporaneous speeches given by a group of notable men attending a banquet. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. The story we hear comes from Apollodorus, addressing an unnamed companion. Access Reading via Bb PDFs. Philosophy has existed for as long as humans have been able to communicate, and Plato's Symposium is a towering example of an ancient work that still holds relevance today. Overall Summary; Context; Overall Analysis and Themes; 172a - 177e; 178a - 180b; 180c - 185c; 185c - 189b; 189c - 193e; 193e - 197e; 198a - 201c; 201d - 204c; 204d - 209e; 210a - 212c; 212c - 216c; 216c - 223d; Characters. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 131 pages and is available in Paperback format. The Symposium is one of Plato’s most visual dialogues. The Question and Answer section for Symposium by Plato is a great Take the free quiz now! Persons of the Dialogue APOLLODORUS, who repeats to his companion the dialogue which he had heard from Aristodemus, and had already once narrated to Glaucon … You will be asked to work from memory, with no notes or materials. Plato's SYMPOSIUM. Study Questions on Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have.Socrates himself never wrote a line that we know of; all that we know of him (his personality, his views, his biography) we get through Plato's ey es and pen. And now just tell me this: Docs Love desire the thing that he ... SOCRATES QUESTIONS … Interpersonal relationships, that of the lover and beloved, are important in discussing love as well. (born 469 BC) discusses philosophical questions with other characters of his day.2 Most of these are based on known historical figures, but the dialogues are not factual accounts; they are fictional, and often richly dramatic, products of Plato’s philosophical imagination. He’s only a child when the party happened and told the happenings in the party via the story of Aristodemus. Summary. Download: A 116k text-only version is available for download. Like “So where it is a general rule that it is wrong to gratify lovers, this can be attributed to the defects of those who make that rule: the government's lust for rule and the subjects' cowardice” ― Plato, The Symposium. Specifically, it is “pronounce a eulogy of love, from left to right, the highest possible praise”. Love is in between mortal and immortal, in between beauty and ugliness, and in between wisdom and ignorance. What is Love's purpose? The men include the philosopher Socrates, the general and political figure Alcibiades, and the comic playwright Aristophanes. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons [1909]. Some speakers depend on these more than others, but contradictions run throughout the text, and can be reconciled, as the five speeches are in Diotima’s speech. The novel has shifts in tone and genre, particularly evident in the switch of Agathon, a tragedian who gives a comical speech, and Aristophanes, a comic poet who gives a serious speech. Describe and explain the dichotomies in the text. Traditionally, it is a relationship of power. HIRE verified writer $35.80 for a 2-page paper. The Symposium of Plato. ― Plato, Symposium. The proposed theme of the discussion is love. Philosophy gives us an answer to these questions. Suduiko, Aaron ed. Women are also not described as being able to accomplish pure love or Diotima’s ladder. Agathon presents love from the perspective of the loved one, which is significant as he is the passive partner in his relationship with Pausanias. Aristodemus’ description of him on their way to Agathon’s also has similarities with Diotima’s description of Love. The Symposium is one of the foundational documents of Western culture and arguably the most profound analysis and celebration of love in the history of philosophy. But questions remain concerning the meaning of specific features, the significance of the dialogue as a whole, and the character of its influence. Honorable guests were invited to this banquet (symposium means banquet) to happily drink together and tell their wonderful love stories. To achieve it, one must complete Diotima’s “Ladder of Love,” to achieve its purpose of giving birth to true virtue, having seen Beauty. The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον, Sympósion [sympósi̯on]) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385-370 BC. Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. The Symposium is one of Plato’s most beloved and widely read dialogues. How does Plato, using integrative thinking, ultimately find a way to connect erotic love, beauty and the absolute into a unified whole? Not on you, 2. The Symposium was written by Plato in the 4th century BCE. In his Symposium, Plato crafted speeches in praise of love that has influenced writers and artists from antiquity to the present. Others include comedy (Aristophanes) vs. tragedy (Agathon), physical vs. spiritual, and drunk vs. sober. Introductory Dialogue and The Speech of Phaedrus, The Speech of Agathon and Socrates Questions Agathon, Diotima Questions Socrates and The Speech of Diotima, Alcibiades' Entrance, The Speech of Alcibiades, and Final Dialogue, Sexuality in Plato’s Symposium and Ancient Greece, Aristophanes' Influence in Contemporary Times: Hedwig and the Angry Inch, Read the Study Guide for Symposium by Plato…, The Impossibility of Evil Without Ignorance and the Progression Toward Good, View Wikipedia Entries for Symposium by Plato…. In his Symposium, Plato crafted speeches in praise of love that has influenced writers and artists from antiquity to the present. The ideal Greek homosexual relationship that is being described in the Symposium is that of an older man and a youth - the erastes (lover) and the eromenos (beloved). Why is Diotima important? This leads to the love of activities and laws, or customs, leading to the love of certain types of knowledge. Not all accomplish this, but reproduction in body or soul achieve the purpose of Love as well. Why does he go out of his way to set up this structure? Take our free Symposium quiz below, with 25 multiple choice questions that help you test your knowledge. Socrates and Aristodemus will attend a banquet at Agathon, with Aristophanes, Appolodore, Pausanias and Eryximachus. Many of the speakers (Phaedrus, Pausanias, Agathon, and Socrates most notably) present versions of this relationship as the ideal of love. Summary Analysis How are the two reflected in the text? of Greek, Bryn Mawr College, C1981. Below is a list of the speeches in the Symposium. Rather, Love is that desire which finds itself in the absence of all these praiseworthy qualities. Symposium By Plato. One is that these framing devices serve to show the great level of general interest in the symposium. Symposium By Plato Written 360 B.C.E Translated by Benjamin Jowett. The lover is the active partner in the relationship and the loved one is the passive partner. The party goers, present their views on love and desire. This work, … The main characters of this philosophy, classics story are Socrates, . Two answers to this question readily present themselves. "Symposium by Plato Essay Questions". Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. And no wonder: Its theme is Eros—erotic love, the all-consuming passion that has inspired countless poems, plays, novels, songs, operas and (in our day) movies. Do such modern concepts of "homosexual" or "heterosexual" apply here? Symposium by Plato, part of the Internet Classics Archive. Search all of SparkNotes Search. The lover normally receives more sexual gratification, and in exchange rewards the loved one with gifts, money, prestige, and wisdom. Why is his entrance significant? You'll get access to all of the Symposium content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Describe Diotima’s “Ladder of Love.” What does it encompass? How is Socrates portrayed in the dialogues? The layer separating the reader from Diotima also serves to imply that this speech has Plato’s views on love, not Socrates’. Print Word PDF. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Symposium” by Plato. Study Questions on Plato's Symposium In the Symposium, Plato gives us one of the most close-up and personal pictures of Socrates we have. Plato explores and defends his view of love in the Symposium, specifically in the dialogue between Socrates and Diotima (Symposium, 204e ­ 209e). 1. We have not been readily revealed despite continuing research. Symposium e-text contains the full text of Symposium by Plato. The difference is that dialogue plays less of a role here than in his other writings. This detailed literature summary also contains Topics for Discussion and a Free Quiz on Symposium by Plato. The prominent place the Symposium holds in our canon comes as much as a result of its literary merit as its philosophical merit. “Might makes right” is a statement that might be heard..... ? GradeSaver, 13 January 2015 Web. Essay Questions for Final Exam for Plato and Aristotle PHL 491/505 Spring 2010 On the day and time appointed for the final exam (May 10 from 6 to 7:50 pm), you will be asked to write a 250 word answer to one or two questions of your choice from the list of questions below. The Symposium is one of the foundational documents of Western culture and arguably the most profound analysis and celebration of love in the history of philosophy.It is also the most lavishly literary of Plato's dialogues--a virtuoso prose performance in which the author, like a playful maestro, shows off an entire repertoire of characters, ideas, contrasting viewpoints, and iridescent styles. This dialogue is unlike the others of Plato, in as much as , Socrates does not question the others in the dialectical fashion, except briefly. How are they similar? Plato's Symposium is an exceptionally multi-layered dialogue. Male adults and male adolescents in these affairs were described as lovers of pure knowledge. What is Love? Here, an international team of scholars addresses such questions. Socrates is likened to Eros by Alcibiades in his speech. APOLLODORUS. None of these stories was in defense of a view of erotic love as individualistic and ego-centered. 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