American holly is a slow grower and typically matures to a height of 30 feet (but may be taller in the wild). Chinese holly attracts bumblebees and tolerates a … It reaches a height of 15 to 30 feet, with a spread of 10 to 20 feet. Gardeners use the versatile holly plant in several different ways. wild Holly bushes. The plant's dense growth and compact nature (5 feet by 5 feet) make it useful for privacy screens in areas where taller hedges would not work. According to the USDA Forest Service, holly berries are also eaten in winter by: The hollies with which people are most familiar are English holly (Ilex aquifolium) and American holly (Ilex opaca). Ilex is among the few plants that can grow in all USDA plant hardiness zones (or in all 50 U.S. states). You can start cuttings taken from a healthy tree and start several new holly trees without paying for anything besides sterile potting … Use a chainsaw to cut it down to a stump. The Burford holly is a larger plant and grows 8 to 25 feet tall and spans 5 to 10 feet wide, advises North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Is holly poisonous to dogs? Some of my favorite roses are antiques that have been handed down through the generations. From its waxy, pointy green leaves to its signature bright-red berries, the cheerful, festive holly bush is often associated with Christmas. All rights reserved. Learn how to find, propagate and grow old, antique rose varieties to add beauty and fragrance to your garden. How can we get the details about Holly Madison's net worth? Learn how to grow and care for this traditional holiday bush. With more than 400 species of fruit-bearing trees and shrubs, hollies (Ilex spp.) In the spring small, white flowers form right before the new growth emerges. ©2013, HGTV/Scripps Networks, LLC. Their shapes vary from rounded to columnar to pyramid-s… Though it's generally a low-maintenance shrub, you will need to prune your plant in order to keep its size under control and to promote the growth of lateral buds and shoots. Are holly berries poisonous to dogs? A very nice evergreen shrub for most any landscape. But the popular plant is just as gorgeous at other times of the year, creating a lush, dense backdrop with a pop of color. An example of American holly is Ilex opaca 'Mac's Prince,' which grows in zones 5 through 9. This evergreen produces attractive red berries and has a moderate growth rate. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). Stress. The shrubs and trees themselves may be rounded, pyramidal, columnar, or weeping in form. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) All Rights Reserved. Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' reaches a moderate height of 15 feet, with a spread of 8 to 10 feet. So if you want your hollies to grow berries, you must plant both female and male plants together. Questions About Holly Bushes. rigid, and has a very pronounced sharp spine at the very tip of each leaf. Blue Princess holly is a female cultivar of the blue holly group, and appropriately, its male pollinator counterpart is called \"Blue Prince\" holly. Its dense but layered form is perfect for a natural hedge or even as an edging plant for taller flowering shrubs. From a distance, Japanese holly and dwarf yaupon holly appear almost identical. This dense, thorny multi-seasonal shrub is perfect for spicing up your landscaping. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 10 Best Evergreens for Privacy Screens and Hedges, Best Salt-Tolerant Plants for Landscaping, Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees. suitable for your landscape is as near as your local garden center. British rose expert Susan Rushton offers tips. They stand out spectacularly against the … Twigs on Japanese holly are almost always green on the young shoots, while young twigs on yaupon holly will either be a purplish o… Their shapes vary from rounded to columnar to pyramid-shaped. After that, the bush should receive at least 2 inches of water per week. Short of digging the entire root system up and pulling up the stump, is there an easier way to get rid of a holly bush? Holly trees are slow growing trees with a life expectancy of roughly 100 years. This harbinger of early spring produces buds that look like fuzzy caterpillars. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in Zone 6. Bird watchers, take note: Several bird species are attracted to holly shrubs, including thrushes and blackbirds. All holly trees and shrubs are dioecious, meaning there are distinct male and female plants. With more than 400 species, a holly (Ilex spp.) It is a deer-resistant tree. Design Ideas This dwarf Chinese Holly is probably the most widely used, particularly in warmer climates. If you want to decorate your home with holly next Christmas, plant an extra bush or two so you don’t have to take too much from one. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in … Its dark green leaves are long and grow up to 4 inches long. If you leave even a piece of a root in the ground, it may re-sprout and soon you’ll have new holly bushes and potentially even more growth in different places than you started with. The tree grows to be 30 to 45 feet tall and creates a moderately tight, pyramidal shape. Asked January 13, 2016, 9:48 AM EST. Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. From the sound of the size and habit, I'm going to guess this is an American holly tree (Ilex opaca). And, of course, holly is prized for Christmas decorations, both indoors and outdoors. While very subtle differences in the serration (teeth) along the leaf margin can be used, a person can typically tell these species apart by looking at the young twigs. Can you tell me why my 20 ft holly … Fortunately, once your holly bushes are established, they are easy to maintain. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 feet tall, while others can reach 50 feet and higher! Sorting out the hundreds of varieties and hyb… These plants are considered Meserve hybrids, developed by amateur horticulturist Kathleen Kellogg Meserve as the hardy standard holly in garden centers and nurseries everywhere. This handsome, underused shrub produces its lovely blooms in midsummer when few other shrubs are flowering. This shrubs' leaves are a glossy, dark green color with a bluish cast to them and are moderately spiny. Some varieties of English holly plants grow quite tall, so be careful what you buy. If you’d like to plant your own holly bush, just follow these steps: 1. As broadleaf evergreens, hollies make ideal privacy screens around pools because there are no leaves or needles to clean up. 'Little Red' holly (Ilex x 'Little Red') is an example of a medium-sized holly plant. Make sure you choose a plant that’s the right size for your landscape — and that will thrive in your climate. The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall. It has broad, dull green, rounded leaves that have a spine at the tip and a few spines along the blade edges. Typically, you need to plant a male within 30 to 40 feet of females for the latter to yield berries. Our resident hands-on horticulturist-in-training, Ben Ford, enlightens us about a plant or flower sure to bring color and life to your garden, offering practical planting and maintenance tips. 3. Holly trees can produce vibrant-red berries that are very popular as Christmas decorations.The trees grow to a height between 15 to 30 feet, with foliage that is usually columnlike. Tips from David Austin Roses on pampering your petals. Did Elvis Presley ever meet Buddy Holly? - I have a female bush that gets berries but the male bush does not. Huge Variegated Holly Tree. Privacy Policy. This evergreen Japanese Holly requires very little maintenance. Holly is perhaps most commonly used to add visual interest to color-starved landscapes in winter. The dense twiggy habit displays an abundance of black berries through winter, accenting the evergreen foliage. Holly shrubs, such as inkberry, are commonly used in foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots. Under the proper conditions, holly trees usually produce berries once a year. Hollies, like other plants, can make different types of leaves at the same time. That being said, most hollies are very tolerant of less than ideal locations and will grow well in part shade or dry or swampy soil. It would be a shame to miss the Holly berries, as they truly complete the Holly plants display value in the landscape. When planted in this way, Nellie Stevens Hollies typically reach a height between 15 and 25 feet. Holly trees, such as American holly and the Nellie Stevens variety as well as some taller holly shrubs, can be used as privacy hedges to screen out traffic or neighbors, or as striking accent plants on a lawn. The holly tree is a handsome evergreen that provides color in your yard during the winter when everything else is dormant. Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. Theoretically they can even grow to reach the size of non-dwarf varieties. 'Little Red' is cold-hardy to zone 6. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This is called heterophylly. Late fall, early winter, or early spring are generally the best times to plant, depending on your climate and the holly variety you’ll be planting. Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata) is one of the deciduous types of this group. range in size from trees that tower up to 100 feet tall to creeping prostrate shrubs less than a foot in height. Related Questions. How big do holly bushes get? The best time for planting holly bushes is in either the spring or fall. Variety matters. ... How big do butterfly bushes get? If your winterberry hollies experience drought stress, they may not form fruit or may drop … Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Are holly bushes poisonous to dogs? Only subtle differences can separate these two distinct species. When planted individually, this Holly Tree is likely … 'Little Red' can be grown in full sun or partial shade, and it likes well-drained soil with an acidic pH. You control how they grow - whether that's naturally into a dense, pyramidal shape that matures at 15 to 25 feet in height, or pruned into a tall … When choosing your holly bush, keep in mind a few things: Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. Location, location, location. A single plant of the Blue Prince Holly can pollinate up to 9 of the Blue Princess Holly planted within 400 feet. All hollies prefer to grow in acidic soils, which is why in nature they do so well in oak forests. Join the party! Water daily for the first week after you plant your holly bush, then twice a week afterward until they are established. Hollies are known more for their berries than their small white flowers. Virginia. American holly trees are native to the southeastern United States and many states along the Atlantic coast. Fertilize once a year. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types. Holly is a popular and decorative garden plant which ranges in size from 2 to 40 feet (.6 to 12.1 m). Their inco… Leaf shapes range from the large, spiny leaves of holiday tradition, to tiny, smoother ones that are often mistaken for boxwood. Make sure you choose a plant that’s the right size for your landscape — and that will thrive in your climate. Another characteristic that sets it apart from other common hollies is its tolerance for a variety of growing conditions. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types. 2. Requires a male inkberry for berry set. This last option by far takes the longest. How to Plant Holly Bushes. Plant each Nellie Stevens Holly 5 to 6 feet apart for a living wall that gives you complete privacy, no holes and no gaps. This is due to their large size, striking evergreen foliage, and (especially in the case of English holly) long-time association with the winter holiday season. These can get 40 to 50 feet tall, but they naturally tend to grow a little more open as they age. The mighty shrub: revamp your yard with attractive landscaping shrubs that are easy to grow. They don’t like to be transplanted, so think carefully about where you’ll plant. Winterberry holly loses its foliage before Christmas, but that is a good thing: With no leaves to obstruct the view, the plant's prized red berries take center stage. Most types bear red or orange berries. The USDA Forest Service, establishing the northern end of American holly's range, remarks that the Pilgrims noted American holly's presence in Massachusetts when they landed in 1620. Q. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. What is the variety of holly that seems to grow wild in the woods of Va., can it transplanted and trimmed to make a nice privacy hedge? There are dwarf yaupon holly shrubs that are over 10 feet wide. Try one of these beautiful roses in your garden this year. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. Selected for its compact habit and glistening, bright green new foliage, this dwarf female holly makes an excellent hedge or border plant. Chinese holly bushes are drought and heat tolerant and ideal in arid climates where moisture is limited. is it fast or slow growing ? All Rights Reserved. 2013, HGTV/Scripps Networks, LLC. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Popular varieties of English holly, which grows in zones 5 through.... Denser growth if you ’ ll plant the dense twiggy habit displays abundance. Trees themselves may be rounded, pyramidal shape, orange, yellow, and prune regularly so the! Probably the most common and popular varieties of the Blue Prince holly can pollinate to. To 10 feet pampering your petals, as they truly complete the holly berries, as they truly complete holly! Growing conditions the holly berries, with some varieties more showy than.. Gold berries to clean up plant for taller flowering shrubs more for their berries than their small white form! 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