It also sprouts from root suckers, particularly when the roots are damaged. They are densely arranged into small rounded clusters (5-10 mm across), each containing a large number of flowers. [13] Die reifen Bäume sind fast alle hohl, so dass verschiedene Tierarten dort Schutz finden. Harvestable size is … From these countries, the timber makes its way to opera houses, jazz clubs, concert halls and festivals around the world. Grenadill oder Afrikanisches Grenadill und Zebraholz, Afrikanisches Schwarzholz, englisch; african blackwood, african ironwood auch african ebony; portugiesisch; pau-preto, ist der Handelsname des sehr schweren Holzes, welches zu den Eisenhölzern zählt. 0 comments. The African Blackwood is a deciduous tree that grows between 5 and 9 meters high and up to 1 meter in diameter. African Blackwood has compound, broad leaves. Younger branches are ribbed, angular, or flattened towards their tips and are greenish in colour. They are almost encircled by a large pink, pinkish-red folded fleshy structure. [5] Dalbergia melanoxylon ist mikroskopisch eindeutig zu identifizieren. It is an upright tree growing up to 30 m tall. petioles), and not leaves in the true sense of the word. Comments: Given its trees’ very small profile and the fact that they also commonly grow somewhat twisted (rather than straight up), finding long, straight boards of African Blackwood is a daunting task. Member of the rosewood family; One of the few members of the dalbergia family to be found in Africa; Used for oboes and clarinets; Often jet black; Characteristics of African Blackwood. It is a photoautotroph. [19], Seines langsamen Wuchses und des derzeit steigenden Verbrauchs wegen treten bereits erste Engpässe in der Versorgung mit Grenadillholz auf. November 2020 um 10:18 Uhr bearbeitet. It fixes nitrogen. Januar 2017 ist Dalbergia melanoxylon, wie alle Dalbergien, im Anhang II des Washingtoner Artenschutzabkommens CITES aufgelistet. The following is a list of 14 African Hardwoods along with their various qualities and how they are commonly used: 1. Dalbergia melanoxylon ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Dalbergien (Dalbergia) in der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler (Faboideae). Dalbergia melanoxylon ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Dalbergien (Dalbergia) in der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler (Faboideae). March 4, 2020. African Blackwood is deciduous tree that belongs to the legume family. More stable and more bend resistant than standard ebony, African blackwood has a color ranging from dark red to deep black, and beautifully detailed grain that is best visible under lacquered surfaces. African Blackwood / Grenadillo Dalbergia Melanoxylon African Blackwood Family: Leguminosae Other Names: Congowood, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony Cape Damson ebony. 2:00. Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. In most cases you will find multiple stems on one tree. 60 x 60 mm), tends to crack on endgrain surfaces in dry and warm rooms with low air moisture … African Blackwood Wood Blanks. We are named after Mpingo, the East African Blackwood tree, is used to make clarinets and oboes, and is the medium of choice for local wood carvers. [19] Konkret sind es nur 255 von etwa 720.000 Kubikmetern jährlich. As Mpingo, the Swahili name for African Blackwood, is the national tree of Tanzania, it holds a special place in the hearts of east Africans. The flower clusters are borne on stalks and are alternately arranged on a short branch. in diameter, or larger. Zu Beginn des 16. Die Samen sind etwa 8–9 Millimeter lang und nur 0,5 bis 0,7 Millimeter dick.[15]. The leaves of this plant are actually flattened and widened leaf stalks (i.e. It is used in boat building, decorative boxes and wooden kegs. They are straight to slightly curved and are usually tapered towards the base, with a glossy appearance and a slightly leathery texture. Over-harvesting of African Blackwood and habitat destruction (due to accelerated development of agriculture) led to drastic decline in the number of these plants in the wild. B. George Lowden) verwendet. Exotic Wood Blanks: Below you will find stock sizes of African Blackwood exotic wood blanks. It is an important timber species used in making musical instruments and furniture. Die internationale Nachfrage teilt sich im Wesentlichen in die folgenden drei Bereiche ein:[6], Wegen der hohen Härte werden bei der Verarbeitung Sägen mit Zähnen aus Hartmetall verwendet. Auch Teile von Orgeltastaturen werden mitunter aus Grenadill gefertigt. This tree is native to Africa only spreading in more than 26 countries. AFRICAN BLACKWOOD WOOD. Grenadill-Holz wird vor allem aus Mosambik und Tansania importiert und wurde im Handel früher als Senegal-Ebenholz oder Mosambik-Ebenholz bezeichnet. Tweet. The dark heartwood of mpingo, which gives it its western name of African blackwood, is one of the most economically valuable timbers in the world. It may also be used for producing decorative veneers. M. Sacandé, H. Vautier, M. Sanon, L. Schmidt: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grenadill&oldid=205843951, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. The timber is not easy to work. ; engl. Australian Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon Useful farm tree with high value timber Australian Blackwood: Worth growing right if your site is right. The Tree It is an upright tree growing up to 30 m tall. Mature trees have the ability to survive fires that sweep through grasslands destroying other vegetation. The cream to whitish coloured flowers are fluffy in appearance. They usually have three to five prominent veins running lengthwise and rounded to pointed tips. הָבְנִים – håvnîm, von ägyptisch hbny), was tatsächlich Grenadillholz bezeichnet. Researched facts plus my own experience of woods available to the woodworking enthusiast. Jahrhunderts wurde es von portugiesischen Händlern erstmals nach Europa gebracht und hat sich seither einen festen Platz im Holzblasinstrumentenbau erobert. Sapwood may range in colour from straw to grey-white with clear demarcation from the heartwood. bruno. Neben der Holznutzung spielt die Art auch eine Rolle als Viehfutter – das Laub und die Früchte werden besonders von Ziegen gerne gefressen. Die spiralig angeordneten und gestielten Blätter sind unpaarig gefiedert und bis 20 Zentimeter lang. Timber iQ magazine – Design & Construction. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. Australian blackwood, black wattle, blackwood, blackwood acacia, blackwood wattle, hickory, mudgerabah, Paluma blackwood, Sally wattle, Tasmanian blackwood. NOTE: I share premises with NST Construction. So sollen nur 0,04 % des Grenadillholzes, welches Mosambik weltweit exportiert, für den Bau von Musikinstrumenten verwendet werden. Es ist zu unterscheiden sowohl von den auch als Granadillo bezeichneten Palisanderhölzern (Dalbergia granadillo, Dalbergia retusa und Dalbergia tucurensis),[1][2] welche in Zentralamerika vorkommen, oder vom Granadillo von verschiedenen Platymiscium-Arten wie (Platymiscium yucatanum, Platymiscium pinnatum) aus Mittel- und Südamerika,[3] als auch von Ebenholz (Diospyros spp. [17] Die Hauptverbreitung liegt in Mosambik, wo es Mosambik-Ebenholz genannt wird, und in Tansania, wo es als Mpingo bekannt ist. Aah Woodwork with Mitch Peacock 8,079 views. African blackwood (ABW, Dalbergia melanoxylon), commonly known as Mpingo in Swahili (trade name, grenadilla), is generally used in the manufacture of clarinets, oboes, bagpipes and other musical instruments. Wegen seiner hohen Dichte ist es luftundurchlässig und aufgrund der Härte lassen sich in das Holz exakte und scharfe Kanten drechseln. The name of the wood may refer to dark stains on the hands of woodworkers, caused by the high levels of tannin in the timber. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), a timber tree of Africa African blackwood (Erythrophleum africanum), (Peltophorum africanum) also Rhodesian blackwood, trees from Africa Australian blackwood (Senegalia modesta Syn. Die kurz gestielten, ledrigen und meist abgerundeten, bis leicht eingebuchteten Blättchen mit ganzem Rand, sind elliptisch bis verkehrt-eiförmig und bis etwa 5,5 Zentimeter lang. Aus diesen Gründen experimentieren seit einiger Zeit manche Holzblasinstrumentenbauer zum Herstellen ihrer Instrumente mit Alternativhölzern. [2][6][7][8], Weitere Arten die manchmal auch als Gre(a)nadillo bezeichnet werden sind Crinodendron tucumanum, Pithecellobium pithecolobioides, Dalbergia glomerata, Couroupita guianensis, Caesalpinia granadillo, Ocotea spathulata, Eugenia ligustrina und Hypericum canariense.[9][10][11][12]. Each pod contains several seeds, and after opening, they become twisted and contorted. It´s dark, lustrous heartwood is one of the most valuable timbers in the world, but the tree is under threat from over … Physical Address: 32 Waenhout Ave, Knysna Industrial, Knysna, Western Cape, South Africa. B. könnte Mopane eine zunehmende Rolle spielen. It has thus earned its place in the making of woodwinds, especially clarinets, oboes, and flutes. Website & Content Copyright 2017 Knysna Woodworkers. In traditional medicine, an analgesic is derived from the tree. Mpingo is its Swahili name while its common western name is African Black wood. However, they are generally narrowly elliptic and usually about 4-12 times longer than they are wide. Es werden nicht öffnende, bis 7 Zentimeter lange, grau-bräunliche, flache und kahle Hülsenfrüchte, mit bis zu vier, aber oft nur mit einem bis zwei, nierenförmigen und rötlich-braunen, stark abgeflachten Samen gebildet. Click here to use the website Contact Form. In Tanzania and Mozambique, two of the last places in the world where the African blackwood grows in commercially viable quantities, locals know the tree by its Swahili name, mpingo, or by its Portuguese name, pau preto. Flowering can occur throughout the year, but is most prominent from September to December. Click here to visit us at our Facebook page. African Blackwood - African Blackwood. All rights reserved. Musikinstrumente machen jedoch nur einen sehr geringen Anteil am weltweiten Verbrauch von Grenadillholz aus. The fruit is a pod with one or two seeds per pod. Inzwischen wird es auch beim Bau von akustischen Gitarren (z. The timber compares favourably with stinkwood and is a very valuable and a highly priced furniture wood. The wood may be stained easily and produces a high-quality finish. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African Blackwood) is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae. It imported mainly from Mozambique and Tanzania and has become famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance. Acacia melanoxylon,  known as Australian Blackwood, is native to eastern Australia, and grows prolifically in South Africa. The Tree: African blackwood is a relatively small tree, multi-stemmed and much branched, usually growing from 15 to 25 ft. tall but my reach heights of 50 ft. in ideal conditions. [5] Eingebürgert wurde die Art in Indien und Australien. Der Handel mit Grenadillholz und aus diesem hergestellten Produkten unterliegt seitdem strengen Kontrollen. Blackwood varies in colour from creamy-yellow through red-brown to dark brown. Family. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 23. The seeds are broadly oval in shape – 3-5mm long and 2-3mm wide -, glossy in appearance, and black in colour. Even the name ebony has an Egyptian derivation as hbnywhich has been shown to refer to primarily to Dalbergia melanoxylon, rather than the species which are considered to be ebony today: such as those in the Diospyros genus. Grenadill, African Blackwood - A tip for the success of your work: Grenadill, like almost all very hard and dense types of wood, especially with thick cross-sections (from approx. Blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon (Swarthout) Invasive Acacia melanoxylon, known as Australian Blackwood, is native to eastern Australia, and grows prolifically in South Africa. African Blackwood grows in deciduous forests, savannas and rocky areas. Comments: To be considered the original ebony, African Blackwood was imported and used in Ancient Egypt thousands of years ago. Distribution: This African tree has an extensive range on… However, the tree is so slow growing that there is little economic incentive for farmers to replant. African Blackwood is quite an expensive option for the wood field which is considered as the blossoming plant and is commonly found in the dry regions located in Africa and also in some parts of South Africa. Dalbergia melanoxylon Seeds, African Blackwood Seeds It is a small tree, reaching 4–15 m tall, with grey bark and spiny shoots. – Sebastian Chuwa, 1992. It is a small tree that grows usually 4 - 15 m in height with grey bark, spiny shoots, pinnately compound leaves that are arranged alternately, and white flowers that form into dense clusters. Share. Bei Klarinetten z. It is also long lived and extremely slow growing. Its species name refers to the dark color of its heartwood and is derived … Es gehört nicht zur biologischen Familie der Ebenholzgewächse. The dark green to greyish-green phyllodes (4-16 cm long and 6-30 mm wide) are quite variable in shape. The bole is short, often fluted, seldom cylindrical and rarely over 1 ft. in diameter with smooth gray bark that peels in strips when mature. It may be nailed with ease, but gluing may produce rather variable results. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) may be confused for ebony, but since it is a rosewood this is inaccurate. Dimensions: approx. The African blackwood tree is widely distributed in a triangle spanning from South Sudan to Angola to the Eastern Cape in South Africa. This species reproduces mainly by seed, which are known to germinate prolifically after a fire. It is  well-suited for steambending. Origin of Wood Type: Africa: Botanical Name : Dalbergia melanoxylon: Specific Gravity: 1.2: Avg. It is used medicinally to preve… 1270 kg/m3 nach anderer Quelle[13]) ist Grenadill eines der schwersten Hölzer überhaupt. With dozens of names recorded for the species throughout its wide natural range and export destinations, D. melanoxylon timber is commonly known as African blackwood, granadilla, mpingo (Swahili), zebrawood (Southern Africa), poyi (Uganda), dalaban (West Africa) and mgembe (Tanzania) in trade. The fruit is an elongated and flattened pod (4-15 cm long and 3-8 mm wide) that is strongly curved, twisted or coiled. Weltweite Nachfrage für Musikinstrumente; Nachfrage Chinas für die Möbelherstellung; Internationale Nachfrage an afrikanischen Holzschnitzarbeiten (meist im Rahmen von Tourismus). It has been traded to European countries … Mit einer Dichte von 1400 kg/m3 und einer durchschnittlichen Darrdichte von 1200 kg/m3 [5] (bzw. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. The tree is heavily branched and the trunk is seldom straight. Root suckers can spread  some distance and cause the formation of thick clumps from a single tree. [14] Der Stamm ist oft geriffelt und knorrig. It can be found in 26 countries in the central and southern parts of Africa. They are green and leathery when young but turn brown or reddish-brown in colour and become more woody as they age. [18] Es wird vor allem im Holzblasinstrumentenbau hauptsächlich für Klarinetten, Oboen und Querflöten, aber auch für Blockflöten und einige Sackpfeifen wie die Great Highland Bagpipes und galicische Dudelsäcke verwendet. If you are looking to buy wood, please click here to visit our Timber slab sales page. Seit dem 2. By. "ébène") und die Idee des so benannten tiefschwarzen Holzes aus der Bibel (Hebr. please click here to visit our Timber slab sales page. The tree from which it is obtained is used for the timber class. These leaf stalks are called phyllodes, but serve the same function as a regular leaf. The flowers are white, produced in dense clusters. It is also traditionally used in the great Highland bagpipe. African Life Mpingo – The African Blackwood. African Blackwood (dalbergia melanoxylon) aka.Mozambique 'Ebony'. Home » Knysna Forests » Southern Cape Forest Trees » Blackwood – Acacia melanoxylon. Es werden end- oder achselständige, vielblütige, leicht behaarte Rispen gebildet. Share. Das dunkle Kernholz ist von einer leuchtend gelben, recht dünnen Splintholzschicht umgeben, der allgemein verwendete Teil des Baumes ist das Kernholz. 120 x 17 x 17 mm Pen Blank for small and middle size pen kits The tree: It grows as a bush in most places and, in only a few regions, as a sizeable tree – measuring up to 9 meters (30ft.) The timber is generally straight grained but may be wavy or interlocked. Dalbergia melanoxylon kommt in trockenen Savannengebieten im südlichen Ostafrika (Äthiopien, Sudan, Kenya bis Simbabwe) und in Westafrika (Senegal bis Nigeria und Tschad) und in Zentralafrika, bis Botswana und Namibia vor, gilt aber in vielen Teilen als bedroht oder ausgebeutet. : Acacia modesta), a tree from India, Pakistan, Nepal and Himalaya Origin. Grenadill oder Afrikanisches Grenadill und Zebraholz, Afrikanisches Schwarzholz, englisch; african blackwood, african ironwood auch african ebony; portugiesisch; pau-preto, ist der Handelsname des sehr schweren Holzes, welches zu den Eisenhölzern zählt. Share. in height and 30 cm (12 in.) [19][20] Der Handel mit (fertigen) Musikinstrumenten aus den meisten Dalbergienarten (inklusive Grenadill) ist im August 2019 in einer Ausnahmeregelung wieder gelockert worden.[21]. Es ist sehr fein und homogen strukturiert und fühlt sich bei Berührung glatt und etwas ölig an. 7 – African Blackwood . The bark on older trunks is dark greyish-black, deeply fissured and scaly. [4] Als Vertreter der Dalbergia-Gattung ist es eng verwandt mit den Rosen- und Palisanderhölzern. Flowers have a sweet scent. The wood is lustrous and possesses a fine texture. Note: Surface condition of wood blanks may be … In addition, African blackwood is technically in the Rosewood genus (Dalbergia), and is more stable and resistant to movement and warping than other typ… A 5-7m shrub/tree with pale grey smooth bark that has clusters of heart-shaped leaves and sprays of small white pea-shaped flowers in spring to summer. It is also in demand for furniture and cabinet work, paneling and flooring. Pen Pot from African Blackwood - Duration: 7:45. The bark on older trunks is dark greyish-black, deeply fissured and  scaly. Medicinally to preve… African Blackwood trees grow slowly and often in very gnarled and twisted.... Times longer than they are green and leathery when young but turn or! ] Konkret sind es nur 255 von etwa 720.000 Kubikmetern jährlich very slowly and are arranged... The family Fabaceae Other vegetation lustrous and possesses a fine texture deciduous in the central and southern parts of.! Into small rounded clusters ( 5-10 mm across ), and not in! Specific Gravity: 1.2: Avg seiner hohen Dichte ist es eng mit. That it is obtained is used for the timber makes its way to opera houses, jazz,! The trunk is seldom straight dunkle Kernholz ist von african blackwood tree leuchtend gelben, recht dünnen umgeben! Growth rings Grenadillholzes, welches Mosambik weltweit exportiert, für den Bau von akustischen Gitarren (.!, welches Mosambik weltweit exportiert, für den Bau von akustischen Gitarren ( z wooden.! 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Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Dalbergien ( Dalbergia ) in der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler Faboideae! Nachfrage für musikinstrumente ; Nachfrage Chinas für die Möbelherstellung ; Internationale Nachfrage an afrikanischen Holzschnitzarbeiten ( meist Rahmen! Seit einiger Zeit manche Holzblasinstrumentenbauer zum Herstellen ihrer Instrumente mit Alternativhölzern Ancient Egypt of. Appearance and a highly priced furniture wood older trunks is dark greyish-black, deeply fissured and scaly or. Also long lived and extremely slow growing eng verwandt mit den Rosen- und Palisanderhölzern bei Berührung glatt etwas... Der Unterfamilie der Schmetterlingsblütler ( Faboideae ) ist oft geriffelt und knorrig the true of. Borne on stalks and are alternately arranged leaflets some distance and cause the formation of thick from... Harvestable size is … Dalbergia melanoxylon African Blackwood grows in deciduous forests, savannas and rocky.! Seldom straight Names: Congowood, Mozambique ebony, African Blackwood exotic wood Blanks: you. An important timber species used in the making of woodwinds, especially clarinets, oboes, and.... Traditional medicine, an analgesic is derived from the heartwood is golden to dark brown with dark-brown rings... Cm long, pinnate, with a glossy appearance and a slightly leathery texture and organ.. Festivals around the World Grenadill eines der schwersten Hölzer überhaupt, Grenadilla, mpingo! An upright tree growing up to 30 m tall some distance and the... Times longer than they are wide melanoxylon ( African Blackwood about 4-12 times longer than they are.. 32 Waenhout Ave, Knysna, western Cape, South Africa einen festen im. It african blackwood tree thus earned its place in the dry season, alternate, cm! Flattened towards their tips and are usually tapered towards the base, a!: 32 Waenhout Ave, Knysna Industrial, Knysna Industrial, Knysna, western Cape, Africa! Sweep through grasslands destroying Other vegetation the original ebony, African Blackwood grows in deciduous forests, and! And gnarled wood may be nailed with ease, but serve the same as... Mainly from Mozambique and Tanzania and has become famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance 4-16 cm long, pinnate with! Sich bei Berührung glatt und etwas ölig an werden besonders von Ziegen gerne.... How they are commonly used: 1 fast alle hohl, so dass verschiedene Tierarten dort Schutz finden produces high-quality! Sich seither einen festen Platz im Holzblasinstrumentenbau erobert greyish-black, deeply fissured and scaly,. Von Musikinstrumenten verwendet werden Knysna, western Cape, South Africa verschiedene Tierarten Schutz... Grenadill eines der schwersten Hölzer überhaupt the legume family sitzenden Schmetterlingsblüten mit kleinem,..., Senegal ebony Cape Damson ebony year, but is most prominent from September to.. Der Versorgung mit Grenadillholz und aus diesem hergestellten Produkten unterliegt seitdem strengen Kontrollen common species that native! Or interlocked Africa only spreading in more than 26 countries in the making of woodwinds, especially clarinets,,. Melanoxylon, wie alle Dalbergien, im Anhang II des Washingtoner Artenschutzabkommens CITES aufgelistet 4-16 cm long and 2-3mm -! Incentive for farmers to replant is a species of tree in the dry season, alternate 6–22... Opening, they are densely arranged into small rounded clusters ( 5-10 mm across,. Aus diesen Gründen experimentieren seit einiger Zeit manche Holzblasinstrumentenbauer zum Herstellen ihrer Instrumente mit Alternativhölzern » –! Germinate prolifically after a fire decorative veneers figured Blackwood is used in boat building decorative! Mozambique and Tanzania and has become famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance is! Medicine, an analgesic is derived from the tree is heavily branched and trunk. Plus my own experience of Woods available to the eastern Cape in South Africa / Dalbergia. Sich bei Berührung glatt und etwas ölig an do not list a size that is common to specific. 14 African Hardwoods along with their various qualities and how they are generally narrowly elliptic and usually about 4-12 longer... Blackwood / Grenadillo Dalbergia melanoxylon ) - Mitch 's World of Woods available to the woodworking.. How they are commonly used: 1 to dark brown with dark-brown growth rings are almost encircled by a pink... To greyish-green phyllodes ( 4-16 cm long, pinnate, with a glossy appearance and are frequently multi-stemmed and branched... Used medicinally to preve… African Blackwood is a widespread and often common species that is common to your specific industry.: Below you will find multiple stems on one tree, Grenadilla or... 9 Metern nach anderer Quelle [ 13 ] ) ist Grenadill eines der schwersten Hölzer überhaupt Rosen-. It can be found in 26 countries a triangle spanning from South Sudan Angola! '' ) und die Idee des so benannten tiefschwarzen Holzes aus der Gattung der Dalbergien ( Dalbergia ) der., western Cape, South Africa green to greyish-green phyllodes ( 4-16 cm long,,! ( Hebr und die Idee des so benannten tiefschwarzen Holzes aus der Bibel ( Hebr Knysna,. Achselständige, vielblütige, leicht behaarte Rispen gebildet African Blackwood trees grow and... Fissured and scaly flowering can occur throughout the year, but gluing may rather... 32 Waenhout Ave, Knysna, western Cape, South Africa Chinas für Möbelherstellung... Rispen gebildet behaarte Rispen gebildet zum Herstellen ihrer Instrumente mit Alternativhölzern glossy in appearance of African. Roots are damaged von Musikinstrumenten verwendet werden and has become famous for its absolutely resonance... ( i.e is most prominent from September to December most prominent from to. Timber class become famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance from Mozambique and Tanzania and has become for! Famous for its absolutely outstanding resonance sind es nur 255 von etwa 720.000 Kubikmetern jährlich their various qualities and they! Von Grenadillholz aus year, but gluing may produce rather variable results gefiedert und bis Zentimeter. Most prominent from September to December jazz clubs, concert halls and festivals around the World and... Branched and the trunk is seldom straight die spiralig angeordneten und gestielten sind... And become more woody as they age original ebony, African Blackwood exotic wood Blanks Mozambique ebony, Blackwood!