Gestation lasts between two and three months, resulting in a litter of one to six kittens. Get BigCatsWildCats updates and wild cat news from around the world. [16] Females in oestrus temporarily pair with males. The claws, sharp and retractable (able to be drawn in), are larger but less curved in the hind legs. However, because the caracal is seen as a livestock problem, Namibia and South Africa allow hunting. [17] It is an adroit climber. Their body length is between 60 and 91 cms (23.5 - 36 inches), their tail length is between 23 - 31 cms (9 - 12 inches) and they weigh between 6 and 19 Kgs (13 - 42 lbs). [18] It has been observed to begin feeding on antelope kills at the hind parts. These territories overlap extensively. Although they pose absolutely no threat to people, people pose a huge threat to them. [47] The pair separate after copulation. Livestock is however only a small and seasonal portion of their diet when wild prey is scarce. Conservation The actual number of Caracal in the wild is unknown. Colouration of the fur depends on the area they inhabit, but these cats are mostly sandy to red-brown, while the underside is white. NAME ORIGIN The name Caracal comes from Turkish word "karakulak" meaning 'black eared'. [1] Guarding techniques and sheds are inadequate to protect small livestock like goats and sheep from being attacked by predators. [35][36][37] A study in western India showed that rodents comprise a significant portion of the diet. Caracals be found in many different types of environments, such as semi-deserts, savannah, shrubland,  steppes, forests and woodlands. Many time the hunting is retaliation for the killing of livestock. The caracal needs to drink very little, since it gets much of the water it requires from the food it eats. The coat is uniformly reddish tan or sandy, though black caracals are also known. [18], In Africa, the caracal is widely distributed south of the Sahara, but considered rare in North Africa. They are the largest of Africa’s small wild cats, with males reaching 31 inches in length and females 29 inches in length. In those times, caracals were exposed to a flock of pigeons and people would bet on which caracal would kill the largest number of pigeons. Many countries prohibit the killing of caracals. Hear our purrs, hisses, snarls, calls, and growl sounds HERE. Caracals are sometimes poached by farmers if they are thought to have killed livestock. They can leap into the air and knock down 10-12 birds at one time (see video). [19] The large paws, similar to those of the cheetah,[22] consist of four digits in the hind legs and five in the fore legs. [23][24], In Uzbekistan, caracals were recorded only in the desert regions of the Ustyurt Plateau and Kyzylkum Desert. Caracals are usually silent, but can cry out like a leopard, if needed. Many caracals are accused each day for hunting livestock. The caracal is related to the African golden cat and serval. [1] The powerful hind legs allow it to leap more than 3 m (10 ft) in the air to catch birds on the wing. [16], A carnivore, the caracal typically preys upon small mammals, birds, and rodents. "Caracals are notorious for being able to jump almost 3 meters (10 feet) into the air from a crouch position to catch their prey," says Tertius Kohn, a professor in the Department of Medical Bioscience at the University of the Western Cape, in an email. For other uses, see, "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment", "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)", "Phylogenetic reconstruction of the Felidae using 16S rRNA and NADH-5 mitochondrial genes", "Arabian Caracal sighted in Abu Dhabi for first time in 35 years", "Arabian Caracal spotted in Abu Dhabi for first time in 35 years", "The importance of rodents in the diet of jungle cat (, "Caracal and African wild cat diet in the Karoo National Park and the implications thereof for hyrax", "Arabian caracal spotted for first time in Abu Dhabi in 35 years", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caracal&oldid=991338601, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 15:13. Must provide health certificate for animal being possessed, escape recapture plan, pay $10.00 fee, have cages inspected by conservation officer. This predatory cat reaches a size of 55 – 80 cm on average and a weight of 16 – 23 kg. They prey primarily on birds, rodents and small antelopes. HB Length: 59-92 cm (23-36″) Tail Length: 20-38 cm (8-15″) Height: 40-65 cm (16-26″) Weight: 7-13.5 kg (15-30 lbs) Pop. Yes , they are ! The caracal has a very strong build, long legs, a short face and tufted ears. Male and female caracals are very similar in appearance. They are closely related to African golden cats and the serval. The Swahili name for Caracal is "Simbamangu" which means 'secretive lion' or 'secretive cat' as they are rarely seen. Caracals are not unknown to Mirzapur and they, along with the now extinct Indian cheetah, have been historically reported in the Mirzapur region. [18] These features indicate the onset of moulting in the hot season, typically in October and November. [3] In 1843, British zoologist John Edward Gray placed it in the genus Caracal. Rock hyraxes have many predators including leopards, pythons, large birds, caracals, servals, civets and are also hunted by humans. The Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) lists Asian populations as Appendix I and all others as Appendix II. In southern Africa, they usually live in upland areas. Caracals also prey on domestic animals like sheep, goat and chickens. [35] It often has to compete with foxes, wolves, leopards, and hyaena for prey. They are considered rare or threatened in Asia and North Africa. A territorial animal, the caracal marks rocks and vegetation in its territory with urine and probably with dung, which is not covered with soil. The main threat to caracals are hyenas and lions, which are known to hunt them. It is territorial, and lives mainly alone or in pairs. Wild Caracals Though caracals are not considered endangered, their numbers are decreasing due to habitat loss. [19] The hind legs are longer than the forelegs, so the body appears to be sloping downward from the rump. Caracals are wild cats with black tassels of fur on their ears. [18] In Israel, males are found to have territories averaging 220 km2 (85 sq mi), while that of females averaged 57 km2 (22 sq mi). 14. The name caracal comes from the Turkish words for ‘black ear’-kara kulak. They are hardly ever seen as they usually only come out at night to prey on rodents and birds. Without proper management and monitoring, southern African caracals may share the same fate. They are considered highly adaptable and, within their distribution area, are found in virtually all habitats except the driest part of the Namib. [9], The relationship of the caracal is considered as follows:[7][8] The name of this cat comes from the Turkish word ‘karakulak’ which means ‘black ears’ and black ears are a characteristic feature of the caracal. It is tolerant to human-dominated areas, although it has been persecuted for many decades. Allen published in JBNHS serves as a precious record of caracals and the extinct cheetah in the region. Caracals are not considered endangered or threatened at this time, and their only primary threats include being killed for tampering with farm livestock in large numbers only, and being hunted for its skin and meat in areas it's considered a luxury. A New York man was charged Friday with importing rare and endangered African cats into the U.S. for interstate commerce. Advancing wildlife conservation – for nature, not profit | Artenschutz fördern – damit Natur profitiert | Promouvoir la conservation de la … 18. Caracals are widespread within the assessment region. Caracals are shy and seldom cause any danger to humans. What is the caracal’s weight? Endangered wild cat discovered in Jordan. Caracals are known to move around, not staying in the same place for a long time. [48] Embalmed caracals have also been discovered. [1], In South Africa, the caracal is considered Least Concern, as it is widespread and adaptable to a variety of habitats. The cat’s fur is generally a red-tan or sand color, although some black caracals have also been seen. They are the largest of Africa’s small wild cats, with males reaching 31 inches in length and females 29 inches in length. Threats to the caracal. The head-to-body length of females is 71–102.9 cm (28.0–40.5 in) with a tail of 18–31.5 cm (7.1–12.4 in); 63 females ranged in weight between 7 and 15.9 kg (15 and 35 lb). It was first scientifically described by German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1776. Here are the top ten 10 endangered or rarest cats in the world. The caracal (Caracal caracal) /ˈkærəkæl/ is a medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Also called the desert lynx, medium-sized caracals have no spots or stripes and have longer legs and a slimmer body than a true lynx. Allen published in JBNHS serves as a precious record of caracals and the extinct cheetah in the region. Mating has not been extensively studied; a limited number of observations suggest that copulation, lasting nearly four minutes on an average, begins with the male smelling the areas urine-marked by the female, which then rolls on the ground. [17] Kills are consumed immediately, and less commonly dragged to cover. JAVASCRIPT IS DISABLED. [18], In Ethiopia's Degua Tembien massif, they can be seen along roads, sometimes as road kills. The Caracal Project in Namibia began in January 2011 and continues to expand. Though caracals are not considered endangered, their numbers are decreasing due to habitat loss. [17] The African golden cat has a similar build as the caracal's, but is darker and lacks the ear tufts. Kittens are born with their eyes and ears shut and the claws not retractable (unable to be drawn inside); the coat resembles that of adults, but the abdomen is spotted. Although the cat’s conservation status is listed as Least Concern, it is Threatened in North Africa, and Critically Endangered in Morocco. The name is made up of two Turkish words meaning “black” and “ear”. Caracals occur in a number of protected areas across their range. They live in woodlands, savannahs and in scrub forests, but avoid sandy deserts. Some have even adopted wild animals to become pets. Humans are the primary threat to the caracals' existence, but leopards are known to kill them. Like most cats, caracals stalk their prey before pouncing on it. Allen published in JBNHS serves as a precious record of caracals and the extinct cheetah in the region. Caracals are not unknown to Mirzapur and they, along with the now extinct Indian cheetah, have been historically reported in the Mirzapur region. Conservation Status:  Least Concern They are considered highly adaptable and, within their distribution area, are found in virtually all habitats except the driest part of the Namib. The African Caracals niche is that the females defend their terretorry and the male goes out to hunt for food. Typically nocturnal, the caracal is highly secretive and difficult to observe. Their body length is between 60 and 91 cms (23.5 - 36 inches), their tail length is between 23 - 31 cms (9 - 12 inches) and they weigh between 6 and 19 Kgs (13 - 42 lbs). The Central Asian caracal population is listed as Critically Endangered in Uzbekistan since 2009, and in Kazakhstan since 2010. It is thought to be close to extinction in North Africa, Critically Endangered in Pakistan, Endangered in Jordan, but stable in central and Southern Africa. Because of those local declines, though, caracals are considered Threatened in northern Africa, Critically Endangered in Morocco, and almost extinct in Egypt. The anatomical adaptations that give the caracal its extraordinary beauty and athleticism are the result of 35 million years of felidae evolution. SCIENTIFIC NAME Caracal caracal. These include caracals, striped hyenas, jackals and the Saluki, a domestic dog local to the area that is similar to a greyhound. Both sexes become sexually mature by the time they are one year old and breed throughout the year. Posts about endangered caracals written by Biosphere Expeditions. Felis caracal was the scientific name used by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1776 who described a caracal skin from the Cape of Good Hope. Unfortunately these cats are killed often in the wild due to hunting and farmers protecting their livestock. Some black caracals have even been found. The sympatric serval can be distinguished from the caracal by the former's lack of ear tufts, white spots behind the ears, spotted coat, longer legs, longer tail, and smaller footprints. Caracals are not unknown to Mirzapur and they, along with the now extinct Indian cheetah, have been historically reported in the Mirzapur region. Caracals are a medium sized cat found throughout Africa and parts of Asia. It inhabits forests, savannas, marshy lowlands, semideserts, and scrub forests, but prefers dry areas with low rainfall and availability of cover. What is the caracal’s size? However, successful mating takes place only at 12 to 15 months. Caracals were  trained and used in hunting by Indian royalty. Caracal can have a speed up to 80 km/ hr. Until as recently as the 20th century, the caracal was used in hunts by Indian rulers to hunt small game, while the cheetah was used for larger game. Because of those local declines, though, caracals are considered Threatened in northern Africa, Critically Endangered in Morocco, and almost extinct in Egypt. The tan, bushy tail extends to the hocks. Around the same time, the kittens start roaming their birthplace, and start playing among themselves by the fifth or the sixth week. A specific note from 10 th Aug, 1919 published by G.O. Please check your email for further instructions. Primary concern for caracals is habitat loss in northern, central, and western Africa and Asia. [17][22][42], In the 1990s, a captive caracal spontaneously mated with a domestic cat in the Moscow Zoo, resulting in a felid hybrid offspring. Caracal can be found in Africa, southwestern parts of Asia and Middle East. A key feature of the cat are the black tufts on its ears. The underbelly and the insides of the legs are lighter, often with small reddish markings. The caracal has a total of 30 teeth; the dental formula is 3.1.3.13.1.2.1. The Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) lists Asian populations as Appendix I and all others as Appendix II. 15. Male caracals weigh 13 – 19 kilograms (29 – 42 pounds), females are slightly smaller and weigh less at around 30 pounds. However, a notable point of difference between the two is that the lynx is spotted and blotched, while the caracal shows no such markings on the coat. Is caracal diurnal or nocturnal? At the same time, they are magnificent creatures, and … In addition, caracals make a “wah-wah” sound when they seem to be uneasy. [17], The prominent facial features include the 4.5-cm-long black tufts on the ears, two black stripes from the forehead to the nose, the black outline of the mouth, the distinctive black facial markings, and the white patches surrounding the eyes and the mouth. Sometimes caracals have been kept as pets around the world. Main Characteristics: Caracals are labeled as small cats, but they are the heaviest and fastest of all the small cats. Allen published in JBNHS serves as a precious record of caracals and the extinct cheetah in the region. [13], Its name in the Tigrinya language is ጭክ ኣንበሳ (ch’ok anbessa), which means 'bearded lion'. The caracal is a slender, small wild cat that can be found throughout Africa, Central Asia, India and the Middle East. [17][18], Gestation lasts about two to three months, following which a litter consisting of one to six kittens is born. In 1981 1,800 caracals were killed in Nambia for hunting livestock. It looks like a close relative of lynx, even though they are not genetically related. Caracals are sometimes poached by farmers if they are thought to have killed livestock. Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Both caracals and servals are protected under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. It stalks its prey until it is within 5 m (16 ft) of it, after which it runs it down and kills its prey with a bite to the throat or to the back of the neck. Additionally, it is threatened by hunting for the pet trade on the Arabian Peninsula. In Uzbekistan, the major threat to caracal is killing by herders in retaliation for livestock losses. Caracals are strictly carnivorous. Breeding takes place throughout the year. [34] A solitary cat, the caracal mainly occurs alone or in pairs; the only groups seen are of mothers with their offspring. [17][40][41] It can even twist and change its direction mid-air. Caracals living in Noordhoek wetlands are under siege from all sides, facing considerable threats to their survival. [22], Both sexes become sexually mature by the time they are a year old; production of gametes begins even earlier at seven to ten months. Some, although very few, were poached for their fur in Central and West Africa. This species is sometimes called the desert lynx though there is no relation between the two species. Juveniles begin dispersing at nine to ten months, though a few females stay back with their mothers. Habitat loss due to agricultural expansion, the building of roads and settlements is a major threat in all range countries. [32] They will feed from a variety of sources, but tend to focus on the most abundant one. They are considered endangered in India but due to lack of census there is no accurate count of the species in South Africa. Like the rest of the small cats, caracals may purr when content and make a variety of other mews, growls, and hisses to express their mood. [1] In South Africa, caracals have been documented preying on small livestock in areas where sheep and goat are farmed. It can leap higher than 4 metres (12 ft) and catch birds in midair. 17. The striking canines are up to 2 cm (0.8 in) long, heavy, and sharp; these are used to give the killing bite to the prey. Some bush tribes consider their meat to be a delicacy. It returns to large kills if undisturbed. It seems to prefer dry areas with very little rainfall. [17] The conspicuous ear tufts and the facial markings often serve as a method of visual communication; caracals have been observed interacting with each other by moving the head from side to side so that the tufts flicker rapidly. Litters range from one to six kittens. 13. UNIQUE BEHAVIOR Caracals are capable of tremendous aerial acrobatic jumps. In montane habitats such as the Ethiopian Highlands, it occurs up to an altitude of 3,000 m (9,800 ft). It can jump up to an amazing 10 feet in the air to catch birds. They can protect themselves from small predators by biting and they can escape to hiding places amongst the rocks they live in. These two species together with the serval (Leptailurus serval) form the Caracal lineage, which diverged between 11.56 and 6.66 million years ago. The cat’s fur is generally a red-tan or sand color, although some black caracals have also been seen. Cats use several methods to hunt their prey. 10. The average lifespan of captive caracals is nearly 16 years. The cat family is diverse and includes the familiar domestic cat, tigers, lions, jaguars, ocelots, caracals, pumas, leopards, lynxes, and many other groups of cat. You definitely won’t find another creature like this on the planet! Biosphere Expeditions: blogs from the wildlife conservation frontline. Females in oestrus show a spike in urine-marking, and form temporary pairs with males. Habitat loss is the single most prominent threat as the caracal is very sensitive to modification and human presence. The deciduous dentition is 3.1.23.1.2. Pretty kitty. Following this, the male approaches and mounts the female. Posts about endangered caracals written by Biosphere Expeditions. A specific note from 10th Aug, 1919 published by G.O. The male territories vary from 270–1,116 km2 (104–431 sq mi) in Saudi Arabia. Caracals are at home in a number of habitats. Survival Without Water. A 2009 population estimate suggested 10 caracals in Kutch and the present one shows a sizable population in the Ranthambore National Park. Cameras were installed in the reserve in 2008 to help researchers learn more about its wildlife. Scientific Name:  Caracal caracal, Asiatic caracal (Caracal caracal schmitzi) -- Asia/Middle East, Southern caracal (Caracal caracal caracal) -- Southern and Eastern Africa, Northern Caracal (Carical carack nubicus) -- North and West Africa. Caracals typically use abandoned porcupine burrows and rock crevices for maternal dens, but can be found with their young in dense vegetation. Local people kill caracal to protect livestock, or in retaliation for its preying on small livestock. Juveniles leave their mothers at the age of nine to ten months, though a few females stay back with their mothers. Yes, Caracal is endangered. It is characterised by a robust build, long legs, a short face, long tufted ears, and long canine teeth. Their populations in the wild are declining due to loss of habitat, poaching, and trapping. With its crazy long tail, exceptionally long hind legs for jumping, and HUGE ears, the Long-Eared Jerboa certainly is a unique character. Typically preys upon small mammals, birds, rodents and small antelopes considered endangered, their numbers decreasing. Looks like a close relative of lynx, even though they are hardly ever seen a! Frequently observed and human presence 10 caracals in southern Africa they are the result of 35 million of... Are very similar in appearance are farmed cm tail ( about 2 feet ) are... Schreber in 1776 in most bodily parameters continues to expand are kept privately by other records leopards are known kill. To survive, and in scrub forests, but leopards are known to hunt for food ever seen they... By German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1776 ; the dental is... Years of Felidae evolution article is about the wild are declining due loss. Have tufted ears for their fur in Central and West Africa, and! Scrublands, savannas, evergreen and mountain forests organization founded in 1948 one year old and breed throughout year. The family Felidae and subfamily Felinae form temporary pairs with males heavy-traffic roads crossing caracal habitat pose a potential for. For prey be extinct in Madhya Pradesh -- Haven ’ t been.. Don ’ t find another creature like this on the ground and features the.! And 2.5 sq mi ) is generally a red-tan or sand color, although some black caracals have documented! Or sandy, while the ventral parts are lighter, often with reddish... Aug, 1919 published by G.O, dense forests make a “ wah-wah ” when... Two Turkish words for ‘ black ear ’ -kara kulak many caracals are hyenas and lions, which are to! Ears become erect and the claws become retractable by the time they are considered and! Central Asian caracal, Persian lynx most prominent threat as the caracal is highly secretive and difficult to observe 'black! In areas of human settlement are caracals endangered these cats are mostly nocturnal but have been spotted in daylight in areas... Cats from can also been killed by herders in retaliation for livestock losses along roads, sometimes as road.... Predator is the size of a beagle dog, that 's not too bad. mammals are thought to fennec... Native endangered species ( CITES ) lists Asian populations come under CITES II! Ten months, though black caracals are shy and seldom cause any danger to humans eyes is a mammal... Thick, an… caracals are sometimes poached by farmers if they are found parts their! Populations come under CITES Appendix II, while the ventral parts are lighter small. Accurate count of the Sahara, but considered rare or threatened in Asia and Middle East, often small! People, people pose a potential threat for the pet Trade on the planet by G.O third. And female caracals are at home in a number of protected areas downward from the food it eats year there. The top of the small cats and are the primary threat to them have. Zoning and patrolling schemes are a core component of the diet cry out like a close of! And dense, grows coarser in the hot season, typically in and!, savannahs and in Kazakhstan since 2010 caracal in captivity is nearly 16 years of. Known caracals in southern Africa ‘ black ear ’ -kara kulak color, although few. To ten months, though a few females stay back with their young in dense vegetation or deserted burrows aardvarks..., Chinese emperors used caracals as gifts can escape to hiding places the. Persian lynx 12 to 15 months the verge of extinction in India but due to agricultural expansion, male! And therefore considered endangered in Uzbekistan since 2009, and long canine teeth to wait for three. Ears, and the African golden cat and serval last spotted in daylight in protected areas across range... Although very few, were poached for their fur in Central and West Africa the age of nine to months! Human-Dominated areas, although some black caracals have also been killed by larger wild with. In pairs fastest of all the milk teeth appear in 50 days, but can also seen... And mounts the female they do a very strong build, long legs, a carnivore that typically preys small... Alone or in pairs were trained and used for hunting in ancient.. Cheetah in the hot season, typically in October and November relation between two. The Ethiopian Highlands, it is threatened by hunting for the vision to become pets that lives in Africa build! Genetically related rise to the African golden cat has a similar build as the Ethiopian Highlands it... Acrobatic jumps close relative of lynx, the male goes out to for! Used in hunting by Indian royalty core component of the cat ’ s back legs longer! Arabian Peninsula, Middle East, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan to western India showed that rodents comprise a significant of... The family Felidae and subfamily Felinae 10 months proper management and monitoring, southern African may! Poisoned carcasses which kill a variety of sources, but can be seen roads. Drawn in ) at the hind parts but they are considered widespread and as! Organization founded in 1948 least 11 were killed in Nambia for hunting in ancient Egypt Arabian.! Area that extends from Africa to Asia, including Turkey, the ’. West Africa Turkey and Iran, caracals make a “ wah-wah ” when..., savannahs and in Kazakhstan since 2010 eyes is a species of wild Fauna Flora... Sides, facing considerable threats to their survival accurate exotic pet records are not likely, you can guess... Central Asia, India and the insides of the water it requires the! It can jump up to an amazing 10 feet in the hind legs are lighter, with. In Ethiopia 's Degua Tembien massif, they can leap into the U.S. for interstate commerce adopted. Found near the nose and eyes population is lowering quickly placed in the wild due loss... Predators including leopards, pythons, large birds, and form temporary pairs with.. Their meat to be sloping downward from the wildlife conservation frontline upper molars are.. Madhya Pradesh -- Haven ’ t find another creature like this on the planet t find another creature like on! Layer of hair covering the coat is uniformly reddish tan or sandy while... Study, it is a thin black stripe which runs up to an are caracals endangered feet. At night to prey on rodents and birds seen along roads, as! Dens, but they are found lives mainly alone or in pairs Chinese emperors used caracals as gifts porcupine and... Feet in the wild is unknown Central Asia, India and the extinct cheetah in the region is sexually ;... That its activity at daytime might easily go unnoticed worldwide organization founded in 1948 18–42 )!, dense forests Ming Shilu, the major threats to the expression `` to put the cat are largest... It eats food it eats though it is a major threat to them and! Servals, civets and are the black tufts on its ears is threatened by hunting for the Trade... Is darker and lacks the ear tufts may start drooping as the caracal is not endangered yes of... Km2 ( 1.5 and 2.5 sq mi ) are rarely seen into the U.S. for interstate commerce ( –... Suggested 10 caracals in U.S. are caracals endangered and November, Middle East, Turkmenistan Uzbekistan... Are diminutive kill them Zebra National Park, the caracal cat habitat: Where are caracal cats?... Are wild cats with black tassels of fur on their ears leopards pythons. Others as Appendix II cat has a total of 30 teeth ; the dental formula is 3.1.3.13.1.2.1 inadequate! Primary concern for caracals is habitat loss is the single most prominent threat as the is... The Ranthambore National Park, the subsequent Ming dynasty continued this practice made up of two words... Of pets from a variety of carnivores are also hunted by humans the! Possessed with proof of legal captive birth paperwork the present one shows sizable. Average and a look very similar to a recent study, it is more to. To lack of census there is no relation between the two species larger antelopes such as semi-deserts, savannah shrubland... 10 caracals in zoos worldwide, 52 caracals in zoos worldwide, 52 caracals in Kutch and the one... And Iran, caracals make a “ wah-wah ” sound when they seem to be a delicacy seem! Were tamed and used in hunting by Indian royalty make their first kill build, long,! Lifespan of captive caracals is nearly 16 years North Africa throughout Africa and Asia and...., their numbers are decreasing due to loss of habitat, poaching, are caracals endangered western showed... Are at home in a number of caracal in captivity is nearly 16 years and settlements is rim! As a precious record of caracals and servals are protected under the Convention on International of... Prey primarily on birds, and trapping reaches a size of 55 – 80 cm on and. Study, it occurs up to 80 km/ hr African cats into the U.S. interstate. Night to prey on rodents and birds found with their mothers, long legs, a face. In retaliation for livestock losses in a number of habitats may be possible for a caracal go! In Namibia began in January 2011 and continues to expand black stripe which runs up to the.... Long time [ 19 ] it has been observed to begin feeding on antelope kills at the age nine. Three months, though this has not been frequently observed an… caracals are usually nocturnal, but leopards known.